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Brussels Agreement

Following the agreement, the European Commission officially announced that work on an SAA with Kosovo[8] had begun and that accession negotiations with Serbia had begun. The agreement was supported by the European Union, NATO, the OSCE and the United Nations. [9] Under the Brussels Agreement, regular meetings are held to contribute to the implementation of the provisions in different areas. A judicial agreement was reached in February 2015, followed by agreements on energy and telecommunications operators. On 25 August 2015, an agreement was reached for the creation of the Association of Serbian Comunitiers, at the heart of the Brussels Agreement. The statutes have yet to be drawn up. The Kosovo Assembly ratified the agreement, incorporated it into law and treated it as an „international agreement”. [20] The National Assembly of Serbia did not treat the agreement as international and did not ratify it in a binding law, which is a necessary procedure for international agreements in Serbia. [21] However, it only accepted the government report on the „process of political and technical dialogue that has taken place so far with the temporary institutions in Pristina, through the EU, including the process of implementing the agreements reached”. [22] The Constitutional Court in Belgrade did not answer the question of the constitutionality of the agreement and declared in December 2014[23] that the issue raised was a political issue and not a legal one. With only 2 pages, the agreement has 15 paragraphs.

Paragraphs 1 to 6 concern the establishment, scope and tasks of a community of Serb municipalities. Paragraphs 7 to 9 concern police and security structures and provide for the establishment of a police force called the „Kosovo Police” for the whole of Kosovo, including its northern parts. Paragraph 11 provides that municipal elections shall be held throughout Kosovo in accordance with Kosovar legislation. Paragraph 12 provides for the establishment of an implementation plan and sets a date (elapsed in the meantime) for the completion of the plan. Paragraph 13 commits to intensify discussions on energy and telecommunications. According to paragraph 14, „neither side will block the other side`s progress in their respective EU tracks or encourage others to block it.” Paragraph 15 provides for the establishment of an implementation committee with the assistance of the EU. 1. There will be an association/community of majority Serb communities in Kosovo. .