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The Sudeten Crisis And Munich Agreement 1938

On 30 September 1938, Germany, Great Britain, France and Italy agreed on a regime authorizing the German annexation of the Sudetenland to Western Czechoslovakia. In May 1938, it was learned that Hitler and his generals were planning to occupy the country. On 22 September, Chamberlain, who wanted to travel to Bad Godesberg for further conversations just before his plane to Germany, told the press who met him there that „my goal is peace in Europe, I hope this journey is the way to that peace.” [32] Chamberlain came to Cologne, where he received a big reception with a German band that played „God Save the King” and Germans who offered flowers and gifts to Chamberlain. [32] Chamberlain had calculated that full acceptance of the German annexation of all Sudetenland without reduction would force Hitler to accept the agreement. [32] When Hitler heard, he replied, „Does this mean that the Allies have accepted the transfer of the Sudetenland to Germany?”, Chamberlain replied „Exactly,” to which Hitler replied by shaking his head, saying that the Allies` offer was insufficient. He told Chamberlain that he wanted Czechoslovakia to be completely dissolved and its territories redistributed to Germany, Poland and Hungary, and told Chamberlain to take them or leave them. [32] Chamberlain was upset by this statement. [32] Hitler added to Chamberlain that the assassination of Germans since his last meeting, 15 Czechoslovakia, of which Hitler was part of the assassination of Germans, made the situation unbearable for Germany. [32] The Munich Convention was followed on 2 November 1938 by the First Prize of the Viennese, which separated from Czechoslovakia largely Hungarian and southern Czechoslovakia, while Poland also lowered parts of Czechoslovakia in the north. In March 1939, the First Slovak Republic was proclaimed and shortly thereafter Germany took full control of the other Czech parts by the creation of the protectorate of Bohemia and Moravia.

[4] As a result, Czechoslovakia had disappeared. September 29-30, 1938 – Britain, France, Germany and Italy meet in Munich. It was essential that Czechoslovakia and the Soviet Union were not present. The four countries accepted the German occupation of the Sudetenland from 1 to 10 October. German troops occupy the Sudetenland. Britain and France have adopted a policy of appeasement. Neville Chamberlain returned to Britain and claimed that he had made peace in our time. However, after the agreement, Britain and France accelerated their own weapons plans.